Poland and Baltic States


 Some 3,000 actors have brought to life the 1410 Battle of Grunwald on its 607th anniversary to a crowd of 60,000, making it one of Europe’s largest medieval re-enactments.

 King of Poland Wladyslaw Jagiello commanded an allied Polish-Lithuanian army to defeat the Teutonic Order, previously considered invincible.

It is considered to be one of the most glorious and significant military victories in Polish history.

DudaTusk

Украинский парламент принял Декларацию памяти и солидарности сейма Республики Польша и Верховной Рады Украины по событиям Второй мировой войны. Об этом говорится в сообщении, опубликованном на сайте украинского парламента.

 Ранее планировалось принятие декларации парламентами трех стран – Украины, Польши и Литвы. Однако из текста было исключено упоминание о сейме Литвы в связи с формированием в этой стране нового состава парламента, передает “Интерфакс”.

 В декларации отмечается “великая историческая жертва народов Польши и Украины ради защиты свободы и независимости“. “Представители сейма Республики Польша и Верховной Рады Украины совместно и одновременно принимают эту Декларацию памяти и солидарности, чтобы почтить память миллионов жертв, которые понесли наши народы во время Второй мировой войны, и осудить внешних агрессоров, которые пытались уничтожить нашу независимость”, – говорится в документе. pakt

Ответственность за начало Второй мировой войны в декларации возлагается на нацистскую Германию и Советский Союз. По мнению авторов документа, пакт Молотова – Риббентропа, заключенный в 1939 году “между двумя тоталитарными режимами – коммунистическим Советским Союзом и нацистской Германией”, “привел к взрыву 1 сентября Второй мировой войны, вызванной агрессией Германии, к которой 17 сентября присоединился Советский Союз“.

“Следствием этих событий была оккупация Польши Германией и Советским Союзом и массовые репрессии против наших народов. Те события привели также к принятию в Ялте в 1945 году решений, которые начали новый этап порабощения всей Восточной и Центральной Европы, длившийся полвека”, говорится в декларации.

Sejm

 

Prawo i Sprawiedliwość 37,58 procent głosów 235 mandatów
Platforma Obywatelska 24,09 138
Kukiz ’15 8,81 42
Nowoczesna 7,69 28
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe 5,13 16
Mniejszość niemiecka 1

 

Zjednoczona Lewica 7,55%
KORWiN 4,76
Razem 3,62

 

Frekwencja wyborcza wyniosła 50,92 procent.

 

Senat

 

Prawo i Sprawiedliwość 61 mandatów
Platforma Obywatelska 34
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe 1

 

Poland has signed a deal to build the first gas pipeline connecting the Baltic states to the EU energy market. The pipeline will integrate EU and Baltic energy markets and reduce dependence on Russian gas.

The 558 million euro ($636 million) gas pipeline will end the energy isolation of the Baltic countries by connecting the gas markets of Poland and Lithuania, the European Commission said

“Today we have done much more than bringing the energy isolation of the Baltic States to an end. We have brought the region further together,” European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said. “We are launching a project that will allow us to overcome historic limitations, including the direction of gas supplies from East to West,” PM Kopacz told a press conference.

The 534-kilometer (332-mile) Gas Interconnector Poland-Lithuania (GIPL) will be backed by a 305 million euro investment from the European Commission, which has set out the goal of creating an integrated European gas market and ensuring members have multiple supplies of energy. Once the GIPL is built, it will connect the Lithuanian, Estonian and Latvian gas network with the EU. The pipeline is scheduled to be completed by December 2019.

Earlier this week, PM Ewa Kopacz opened a liquefied natural gas terminal at the Baltic port of Świnoujście, northern Poland, which is yet another move expected to improve the energy independence of the country. The first shipment of LNG is expected to arrive from Qatar in December

L’Unione europea è nata per non essere potenza o soggetto geopolitico, ma uno spazio di democrazia e di economia di mercato con una valuta comune, in cui lo Stato di diritto e la difesa dei diritti umani siano garantiti a tutti. Questa l’idea dei “padri fondatori”.

Le crisi, importate dal 2007, stanno evidenziando la lontananza tra le teorie filosofiche e la dura realtà.

Ad esempio, per salvare l’euro si è intervenuti con politiche monetarie non convenzionali, fondi salva Stati concordati in notte insonni. E’ stata pure creata una sorta di unione bancaria per una futura comune politica fiscale.

Adesso, per risolvere il problema dei profughi, cosa ci si inventerà? Le poche centinaia di migliaia di disperati siriani, presenti sul territorio comunitario, sono soltanto l’avanguardia delle 11 milioni di persone, che hanno abbandonato le loro case dal 2011 ad oggi. SyrianRefugees1

Barack Obama è stato eletto dagli americani per concludere le guerre e rimettere in ordine le casse dello Stato. Con la rivoluzione energetica Washington non ha più necessità di vegliare sulle rotte delle materie prime. Da qui anche il suo “non interventismo” in Medio Oriente ed Africa.

Gli europei non hanno capito che è finita l’epoca in cui l’alleato Usa toglieva le castagne dal fuoco. Il vuoto, creatosi nel bacino sud-orientale del Mediterraneo, è stato colmato dagli arabi del Golfo e dall’Isis.

Sorge spontanea una domanda: dov’è l’Unione europea in presenza di crisi gravissime? La politica estera comunitaria appare ancora spuntata, tanto che, mentre Berlino e Parigi sono presenti al tavolo sul conflitto ucraino, solamente britannici e francesi tentano di tenere alta la bandiera fuori dal Vecchio continente.

Non devono stupire le reazioni dei neo europei, quelli orientali, verso i migranti: stanno venendo a galla le contraddizioni dell’allargamento Ue ad Est del 2004, quando la “Casa europea” è diventata un condominio.

Questi popoli, ex “sudditi” del Cremlino, sono fuggiti allora da una pesante situazione geopolitica. Come non dare loro oggi torto alla luce dei tragici recenti avvenimenti ucraini? Questa gente condivide solo in parte certi valori.

Il fallimento delle “primaverearabe con la mancata esportazione della democrazia, l’instabilità nello spazio ex sovietico e l’incognita cinese sono durissimi banchi di prova.

Se non si vogliono i rifugiati in casa propria bisogna fermare la guerra e l’anarchia, anche sporcandosi le mani. Se si intende limitare l’arrivo di migranti economici è necessario varare politiche di assistenza nei Paesi più poveri. La lezione di questi giorni è una: lo status quo e la paralisi, con interminabili summit, mettono in pericolo la comune coabitazione europea.
gda

The popular vote was proposed by outgoing head of state Bronisław Komorowski, following the first round of the presidential election on 10 May.

The referendum will ask three questions, on political funding, changes in the voting system and the principles governing tax law.

During a press conference, PM Kopacz said that PiS did not originally want the referendum. Now PiS deputy leader Beata Szydło has said that the party wants to widen the scope of the referendum slated for 6 September.

PiS proposes to add questions about lower the retirement age, the minimum schooling age (currently six years in Poland) and the limiting the selling of state-owned forests.

Beata Szydło was nominated by party leader Jarosław Kaczyński as the candidate for the post of Prime Minister in the autumn general election.

Material from Radio Polska.

EuroLithuania!

1 Jan 2015

Lithuania is the 19th European state to adopt the continental currencyLithuaniaEuro.

The euro gives the country more freedom in negotiating business with Russia, said Valdas Adamkus, who was president of Lithuania for about a decade until 2009. It provides an extra measure of geopolitical security.

At 0.4 percent, its inflation rate is just a hair above the euro zone average of 0.3 percent, and its 9.5 percent unemployment rate is right in the middle of the pack, and comfortably below the zone average of 11.5 percent. Lithuania’s 1.3 percent real GDP growth rate beats both of its Baltic partners and is again well above the -2.2 percent Euro Zone average.

 Data

A party mainly backed by ethnic Russians won the largest number of votes in Latvia’s parliamentary elections this weekend, but is likely to be shut out of government after fears over a resurgent Kremlin dominated the campaign.

The Harmony party, led by the mayor of Riga, Nil Ushakov, won 23% of the votes in the elections, while the coalition of three current ruling parties had 56% between them.

At the last elections in 2011, the Harmony Centre Party won with 28 per cent of the vote, although it was kept out of a coalition government of ethnic Latvian parties. latvia2014Suffragiorg
The annexation of Crimea in March has left the party in a delicate position. Many of its core supporters get their news from Russia, and as a result there is a strong pro-Moscow leaning. SKDS found that 36 per cent of the community supported Russia’s actions in Crimea. “Therefore they cannot criticise Russia even if it is obvious that Russia is supporting military actions [in Ukraine],” says Elizabete Krivcova of activist group Non-Citizens Congress, who also stood as a candidate for the Harmony Centre Party in May’s European Parliament elections.
The leftist Harmony party, allied with Russian President Vladimir Putin’s United Russia party, won only 24 of 100 seats, down from 31 in the outgoing assembly, full official results showed Sunday.
The three parties in Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma‘s centre-right governing coalition secured a sound 61-seat majority, which could rise to 69 with a fourth party possibly joining in.

In the outgoing parliament formed after the last polls in 2011, a four-party coalition held 63 seats.
Under the constitution the new parliament will open on November 4.
Concern is running high over the impact that tit-for-tat sanctions between Moscow and Brussels over the Ukraine crisis could have on this tiny Baltic state, which is heavily reliant on trade with Russia.

Latvia made a spectacular recovery from the world’s deepest recession in 2008-09, when output shrank by nearly a quarter during the global financial crisis.

A painful austerity drive by a centre-right government then paved the way for entry into the eurozone in January.

The sacrifices paid off, and growth in Latvia topped the 28-member EU for a third consecutive year in 2013, with a 4.0 percent expansion.

“We Europeans must learn a lesson from the tragic Polish September, from the tragic years of the Second World War – tragic for all people without exception – that we cannot be naively optimistic. Today, looking at the tragedy of the Ukrainians, looking at the war – be1cause we need to use that word – we know that September 1939 cannot be allowed to be repeated” said Polish Prime Minister Donald TuskPLwesterplatte

NATO member states will work towards “a new policy, whose main objective will be the security and effectiveness of our western community against the threat of war, not only in eastern Ukraine.”

It was on Gdansk’s small Westerplatte peninsula that the first shots of World War II were fired, with a small detachment of Polish soldiers attempting to withhold a siege from Nazi Germany.

Polish and German presidents Bronislaw Komorowski and Joachim Gauck met for the commemoration.

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Italiani in Russia, Ucraina, ex Urss


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