Archive for November, 2014


Calling Pope Francis his “beloved brother in Christ,” the head of the Orthodox Church, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I on Sunday recalled their gathering last May at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem on the fiftieth anniversary of the historic ecumenical meeting of their predecessors, Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras. PapaFrancescoPatriarcaBartolomeo

Welcoming the Pope after a celebration of the Divine Liturgy at the Patriarchal Church of St. George in Istanbul, Patriarch Bartholomew said “the path toward unity is more urgent than ever for those who invoke the name of the great Peacemaker.”

Citing the “diverse divisions, conflicts and animosities, frequently even in the name of God,” the Patriarch said Christians have a “great” responsibility “before God, humankind and history.”

He noted that the Orthodox Church is preparing for its Great Council planned for 2016  and asked Pope Francis to pray for its success.  The Patriarch expressed satisfaction that members of both Churches are present as observers in each other’s synodal life and said he hoped that once full communion is restored, “the significant and special day” of holding a joint Great Ecumenical Council will “not be prolonged.”

In concluding, the Patriarch said “the challenges presented to our Churches by today’s historical circumstances oblige us to transcend our introversion in order to meet them with the greatest degree of collaboration.  We no longer have the luxury of isolated action.  The modern persecutors of Christians do not ask which Church their victims belong to.  The unity that concerns us is regrettably already occurring in certain regions of the world through the blood of martyrdom.”

 Vatican Radio – The complete text of Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I’s address to Pope Francis.

Vatican Radio – Dichiarazione congiunta. Papa e Bartolomeo: no a Medio Oriente senza cristiani

“Due tendenze marcano l’attuale situazione energetica:

la prima è l’estensione e la drammatizzazione delle tensioni e dei conflitti nei quali l’energia appare come un parametro diClubDeNice2014 riferimento. Questo vale per il Medio Oriente, l’Ucraina, la Libia.

La seconda è l’accelerazione delle politiche di adattamento alla nuova realtà geopolitica, economica, scientifica ossia alla transizione energetica.

Quali rapporti di partenariato con la Russia? Il Mediterraneo cerca una propria collocazione: quali sono le sue aspettative ed prospettive?”

Il Club de Nice ne ha discusso per tre giorni.

Vedi anche:

   Dominique Fache, Energie: du poker menteur à la roulette russe

   La Russia alle prese col crollo del prezzo del petrolio ed al tramonto dei suoi futuri progetti. 

 RSI Audio Min. 13’50” – 17’00

Ukraine’s eighth parliament has started work. A total of 419 new lawmakers were sworn in, including former pilot Nadiya Savchenko, who remains imprisoned in Russia. Oleksandr Turchynov, the speaker of the previous Verkhovna Rada conducted the first session.
27 seats remain vacant in the 450-seat session hall. The annexation of Crimea and Russia’s war against eastern Ukraine prevented deputies from being elected in those parts of the country that are no longer controlled by the authorities.

The Rada approved Arseny Yatseniuk for a new term as prime minister. Five parties have declared their intention to enter a coalition, which will then be responsible for appointing the prime minister, followed by the government.

President Petro Poronshenko, declared that there could be no future formula for Ukraine other than that of a single, unified state. 100 percent of Ukrainians favoured a unitary state without federalisation. “These are our warm wishes to those in the East or West who advise federalisation,” added Ukrainian chief of State, who advice people “to sleep with a revolver under the pillow.”

  Russian ice hockey coach Viktor Tikhonov has died at the age of 84.  ViktorTikhonov
Tikhonov coached the Soviet Union to gold at the 1984, 1988 and 1992 Winter Olympics and passed away after a long-term illness.  He is also remembered as the coach of the USSR team that lost the ‘miracle on ice‘  game against the United States in the semi-finals of the 1980 Games. Tikhonov guided the Soviet Union to eight world championships between 1978 and 1990.

As a player, Tikhonov won four Soviet titles between 1951-54 and guided CSKA Moscow to 13 consecutive Soviet titles between 1977 and 1989.

  “The entire global hockey community has lost a great coach,” Vladislav Tretiak, who played goalie for Tikhonov’s Soviet team and now heads the Russian Hockey Federation, told Russia’s R-Sport news agency. Tikhonov’s funeral will take place on Thursday with a memorial service at CSKA Moscow, Russian media reported.

«В донецких больницах не хватает наркозных средств, нет всего спектра антибиотиков, нет в должном количестве гормональных средств и есть определенные проблемы со средствами родовспоможения. Детское молочное питание мы доставляем из Макеевки, сами понимаете, по объективным причинам наша детская молочная кухня не работает», — мерно декламирует пожилой дядечка в выглаженном костюме с галстуком. Дядечка — начальник Донецкого городского здравоохранения Нефёдов. Докладывает о состоянии дел под прицелом трех телекамер местных телеканалов он администратору города Донецка — Игорю Мартынову…. Donetsk1

Что бы кто ни говорил официально в Москве и Киеве, но Россия, похоже, где вынужденно, где как, но берет на себя полное обеспечение самопровозглашенных республик.

Донецк меняется. Это особенно заметно, когда выпадаешь из него на неделю-другую. Все так же ночами и по утрам гремят «бахи». И все так же люди демонстративно пытаются их не замечать. Но на пересечении улицы Университетской и бульвара Богдана Хмельницкого уже открылся, например, новый большой магазин «Хата мяса и молока», открываются небольшие кафе и рестораны, работает пара кинотеатров (последний сеанс в 17.00). А администратор города рассказывает о «харьковских производителях колбасы, которые демпингуют и поджимают наших»….Таксисты уверяют, что отменили комендантский час….

Статья – Дмитрий Дурнев  Московский Kомсомолец №26680 от 22 ноября 2014 – Dmitry Durnev Moskovskij Komsomolets.

Raising global growth ‘highest priority’

The communique confirmed G20 members have committed to lifting economic output to deliver an additional 2.1 per cent growth boost by 2018.

“Raising global growth to deliver better living standards and quality jobs for people across the world is our highest priority,” they said.

The target will add more than US $ 1.89 trillion to the global economy and create millions of jobs.

“We will monitor and hold each other to account for implementing our commitments,” they said.

At the same time, the G20 would be mindful of the spill-over effects of this growth on the global economy, including possible inflationary pressures.

This might require central bank actions on monetary policy.

“We stand ready to use all policy levers to underpin confidence and the recovery,” the G20 said.

Progress would be evaluated at next year’s summit in Turkey. G20Brisbane

G20 committed to reducing gap in female employment

The G20 also appears to have heeded a United Nations call to deliver “quality” jobs and support women and jobless youth into work.

“We agree to the goal of reducing the gap in participation rates between men and women in our countries by 25 per cent by 2025,” it said.

This would bring more than 100 million women into the labour force.

A separate plan will encourage education and training for young people, with labour ministers due to report back to the G20 next year.

Focus on international trade

The G20 called for countries support international trade by lowering costs, streamlining customs procedures, reducing regulatory burdens and strengthening trade-enabling services.

“We are promoting competition, entrepreneurship and innovation, including by lowering barriers to new business entrants and investment,” they said.

There were also commitments to eradicate poverty and ensure the G20 contributed to inclusive and sustainable growth in poor and developing countries.

Another key area was taxation, with the G20 endorsing actions to close profit-shifting loopholes for big or multinational corporations and secure country tax revenue bases.

“Profits should be taxed where economic activities deriving the profits are performed and where value is created,” they said.

Concerns surrounding Ebola

The G20 stressed its concerns about the spread of the deadly Ebola virus in West Africa and the human and economic impact.

“We support the urgent co-ordinated international response and have committed to do all we can to contain and respond to this crisis,” they said.

“We call on international financial institutions to assist affected countries in dealing with the economic impacts of this and other humanitarian crises, including in the Middle East.”

G20 nations have backed strong action on climate change in the wake of the Brisbane leaders’ summit.

Climate change

“We support strong and effective action to address climate change,” the official communique released on Sunday said.

Climate change wasn’t on the formal agenda prepared by the Australian presidency, but supportive statements by US President Barack Obama this weekend ensured its inclusion in the final statement.

The leaders agreed their future actions will support sustainable development, economic growth and certainty for business and investment.

The G20 will work together to adopt a protocol under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to present at the Paris climate conference in 2015.

“We encourage parties that are ready to communicate their intended nationally determined contributions well in advance,” they said.

“We reaffirm our support for mobilising finance for adaptation and mitigation, such as the Green Climate Fund.”

The UN-backed fund was set up to help poor countries deal with the impacts of climate change, such as rising sea levels and severe weather events.

The US this weekend committed $US3 billion to the fund, and Japan $US1.5 billion.

 Other commitments or policy actions included:

  • strengthening the resilience of the global economy to future shocks
  • increasing the stability of the international financial system
  • recovering the proceeds of corruption and the denial of safe haven to corrupt officials
  • a stronger multilateral trading system under WTO rules, getting Doha trade talks back on track
  • improved functioning and stability of energy markets, such as oil and gas, to support energy security

 The Official Communique

EAST EUROPE. Dal crollo del Muro alle nuove sfide 

Cahiers  n.1/2014

Numero monografico in onore di Renato Mieli, Dario Staffa, Pina D’Amato

 

 

A cura di Stefano Monti Bragadin e Giuseppe D’Amato

Presentazione

Eugenio Boccardo

Introduzione

Stefano Monti Bragadin

 

TESTIMONIANZE – TESTIMONIES

Lech Wałęsa: il mio 9 novembre 1989

Fulvio Scaglione

 Cahiers1

Tadeusz Mazowiecki: la Ddr era al capolinea

Luigi Geninazzi

 

François Fejtö: dal crollo dell’Urss alla globalizzazione

Almerico Di Meglio

 

Dmitrij Likhaciov: il Novecento, per fortuna, è finito!

Giuseppe D’Amato

 

L’Ostpolitik vaticana: modus vivendi, modus non moriendi

Francesco Strazzari

 

Oltre il muro si piange

Luigi Geninazzi

 

Un ospite dal passato

Stefan Scholl

GERMANIA – GERMANY

Gian Enrico Rusconi: la Storia sopra Berlino

Erminio Ferrari

 

The Berlin Republic: Evolution of Germany’s Politics of Memory and German Patriotism

Krzysztof Zalewski

 

Zwanzig Jahre Friedliche Revolution Heutige Sichten der Ostdeutschen

Gunnar Winkler und Reinhard Liebscher

 

The German Vision of NATO’s Future: the Alliance as a Building Block of Germany and Europe’s Security

Justyna Gotkowska

CONVERSAZIONI – DIALOGUES

Luigi Bonanate e Marco Revelli: l’eredità del Muro, la lunga vita del secolo breve

Erminio Ferrari

 

James Bissett: anni Novanta, un decennio perso

Giuseppe D’Amato

 

Viktor Kremenjuk: verso un mondo multipolare

Giuseppe D’Amato

FERITE SANGUINANTI – BLEEDING WOUNDS

Rambouillet ’99: trattativa o ultimatum?

Maurizio Cerruti

 

Polonia 2007: esqueletos en la memoria

Giuseppe D’Amato

 

Andrzej Wajda: Katyń, the Defeat of the Silence

Giuseppe D’Amato

UNIONE EUROPEA – THE EUROPEAN UNION

Unificazione monetaria europea e riforma dell’architettura finanziaria internazionale

Sergio Rossi

L’Europa fra euro-propositivi ed euro-scettici

Ugo Poletti

RUSSIA

Perché è crollata l’Urss: le «lezioni» di Egor Gajdar

Giuseppe Gatti 

The EU and Russia’s Post-Soviet Economic Policy

Marco Fantini

 

The Ideology of Putinism

Anne Applebaum

 

La natura della Russia: Solgenitsin vs Pipes

Anna Rapotoueva

Come superare la crisi nazionale: riflessione sulla strategia di sicurezza della Russia

Viktor Kremenjuk

La Russie postsoviétique et ses frontières: bouleversements et ambiguïtés du rapport au monde extérieur

Ann de Tinguy

The New Great Game: a Breakthrough?

Aleksandra Jarosiewicz and Krzysztof Strachota

Il trust nell’ex Patria del comunismo

Giuseppe Lepore e Simona Peschiera

ALCUNE DELLE NUOVE SFIDE DEL XXI SECOLO – SOME OF THE NEW CHALLENGES IN THE 21st CENTURY

Arthur Chilingarov: the Arctic Race. Russia in Pole Position

Giuseppe D’Amato

Robert N. Huebert: the Militarization of the Arctic. The Canadian Point of View

Giuseppe D’Amato

Rod Lyon: l’Australia e il Pacifico nel XXI secolo

Giuseppe D’Amato


Is China a Rival or Partner? From the Japanese Perspective

Masafumi Iida

 US War on Terror and Indian Security Interest

Anand Kumar

Demography, Migration and Population Policies

Joseph Chamie

The New Appeal of Nuclear Energy and the Dangers of Proliferation

Oliver Thränert

Adesso i capi separatisti filo-russi dell’Ucraina orientale hanno la loro investitura popolare. Potranno giocarsela al tavolo dei negoziati con il governo centrale. Quanto siano state legali o legittime le elezioni nei “distretti speciali” – con uomini in armi ovunque, liste elettorali dubbiose, gente che poteva votare via Internet in modo fumoso – è ben che evidente. DonetskZakharchenko

Ma la deformazione della democrazia e dei suoi processi di scelta della classe dirigente è il triste elemento nuovo di questa crisi, già emerso in marzo in Crimea ed in maggio nelle regioni di Donbass – Lugansk.

Dai “distretti speciali” più della metà della popolazione se n’è andata, sfollata in territori sotto controllo di Kiev o profuga in Russia. Chi è rimasto si sta adattando ad una realtà complessa: senza soldi (non vengono pagati né stipendi né pensioni), con poco lavoro, con servizi quasi nulli. Per tre mesi – con la speranza che l’incubo finisca – questi disgraziati hanno atteso la spallata decisiva dei governativi. Adesso guardano disperatamente ai russi, mentre tremano pensando alla possibile scelta di Kiev di chiudere il rubinetto energetico con il conseguente congelamento di edifici civili e delle poche attività produttive ancora in funzione.

Dall’estate scorsa Donetsk e Lugansk si sono riempite di materiale bellico di origine incerta, di mercenari del Caucaso, di personaggi d’armi strani. Sono loro le prossime vittime predestinate dello scontro tra Est ed Ovest, come già successo in passato Abkhazia e sta accadendo in Crimea.

Una soluzione politica è possibile? Quasi sicuramente no. I separatisti sono pronti a menare le mani, almeno questo lo si desume dalle prime dichiarazioni dei “neopresidenti”. I bollenti spiriti si calmeranno per la stagione fredda per riesplodere al disgelo: questa la previsione dei maggiori specialisti.

La guerra in Donbass e Lugansk serve al Cremlino per guadagnare tempo e rimandare la discussione del vero problema tra le due repubbliche slave: ossia la sovranità della Crimea. Vladimir Putin non può cedere ora su questo punto, altrimenti la sua carriera politica terminerà, soprattutto adesso che la crisi economica – provocata in particolare dal crollo del prezzo del petrolio e molto meno dalle sanzioni occidentali – sta iniziando a mordere. Il rublo è in caduta libera, il tasso d’inflazione alle stelle, il Pil russo è sceso a livelli sovietici.

Vi è il forte rischio che il tramonto della stella di Putin provochi il canto del cigno della Russia nel suo ex cortile di casa. E non si sa quanto questo secondo momento sia positivo per la stabilità continentale.

gda

 

 

Donetsk

Alexander Zakharchenko, the self-declared prime minister in Donetsk, had won the poll to become the head of the region. His party also came first in the parliamentary election.

 

DonetskFlag

 

 

Presidency

Alexander Zakharchenko 77.51% 765,340
AlexanderKofman 10.03% 111,024
Yuri Sivokonenko 8.21% 93,280
Irregular votes 4.25%

Turn-out: more than 2 million.

Soviet

Donetskya Respublika 64.43%
Free Donbass 27.75%

DNR Electoral Committee

 

Luhansk

LuganskFlag1

Presidency

Igor Plotnitsky 63.08%
Oleg Akimov 15.12%
Viktor Penner 10.08%
Larisa Ayrapetyan 7.28%

Soviet

World Luhansk 69.42%
People Union 22.23%

LNR: Electoral Committee

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