Energy&Economy


Председатель Счетной палаты Татьяна Голикова предупредила, что денег в Резервном фонде в 2017 году не останется, и тогда правительству придется использовать средства Фонда национального благосостояния. В качестве положительного момента она отметила тот факт, что пользоваться резервными средствами для покрытия бюджетного дефицита планируется меньше…
МК – Московский Комсомолец

 Президент России освободил министра экономического развития Алексея Улюкаева от должности в связи с утратой доверия. uliukaev
Премьер-министр России Дмитрий Медведев уже назвал арест главы минэкономразвития Алексея Улюкаева “тяжелым событием” для властей и потребовал провести тщательное расследование в связи с обвинениями в адрес министра.
По данным следствия, Улюкаев получил взятку в 2 млн долларов от компании “Роснефть” за положительное заключение и оценку сделки по приобретению государственного пакета акций “Башнефти”.
Месяц назад “Роснефть” сообщила, что заключила договор купли-продажи акций государственного пакета акций АНК “Башнефть” и “полностью выполнила свои обязательства по договору, перечислив 329,7 млрд рублей на счет федерального казначейства”.

  “Servono azioni coordinate per garantire una crescita sostenibile ed equilibrata”. Questo uno dei passaggi principali contenuti nel messaggio del presidente russo, Vladimir Putin, in occasione dell’inaugurazione del ventesimo Forum economico di San Pietroburgo. Alla manifestazione partecipano oltre alcune centinaia di compagnie internazionali nonché un’autorevole rappresentanza politica, tra cui il segretario dell’Onu, Ban Ki-moon. SPB1
Sul Baltico si tenta in realtà di riavvicinare i due poli continentali, le cui relazioni sono provate dalla crisi ucraina, scoppiata nell’autunno 2013, e dalle rispettive sanzioni e contro-sanzioni. Tra mille polemiche a San Pietroburgo è presente anche il presidente della Commissione Ue, Jean-Claude Juncker, che ha in programma un incontro con il capo del Cremlino. Il suo intento è di “costruire ponti” sulle questioni economiche, ribadendo, però, l’obbligo di Mosca di applicare in pieno l’accordo di pace di Minsk-2, da lei firmato, sull’Ucraina orientale. Pesanti critiche a questo viaggio sono state espresse dai Paesi Ue centro-orientali che evidenziano come il Cremlino possa sfruttare l’occasione per aumentare le differenze, già esistenti, sul mantenimento o meno delle sanzioni da parte dei Ventotto. Nessun rappresentante degli Stati Uniti è, invece, presente a San Pietroburgo.
Juncker e Putin si conoscono da molti anni ed il loro rapporto personale potrebbe garantire nuovi insperati spiragli. Il presidente della Commissione europea ha tenuto, comunque, a precisare che “l’annessione illegale della Crimea ed il conflitto in Ucraina orientale hanno provocato il peggioramento delle relazioni bilaterali, poiché la Russia ha violato i principi fondamentali dell’ordine internazionale”. Bruxelles si attende che ora Mosca utilizzi tutto il suo “potenziale” per normalizzare la situazione.
Sulla stessa linea è l’ex presidente francese, Nicolas Sarkozy, che ha invitato la Russia a cancellare per prima le contro-sanzioni, che riguardano essenzialmente i prodotti alimentari, in particolare carne, frutta e verdura. Questa proposta è stata fatta direttamente a Vladimir Putin nel corso di un colloquio tra i due leader.
Le sanzioni occidentali colpiscono, invece, i settori finanziari ed energetici, anche se ieri l’anglo-olandese Shell ha firmato accordi con la russa Gazprom ed un progetto di raddoppio del gasdotto Nord-Stream sotto al Baltico – con numerose aziende dell’Europa centrale rappresentate nel consorzio – sta andando in porto.
Il portavoce del Cremlino, Dmitrij Peskov, ha, però, smorzato sul nascere qualsiasi tipo di speranza per un primo passo da parte dei russi, mentre il ministro degli Esteri, Serghej Lavrov, è apparso più ottimista nel vedere la luce in fondo al tunnel delle sanzioni.

1. Le prix de l’energie: la baisse du prix du petrole et ses consequences.

2. La crise de relations Russie-Europe et ses consequences dans le domaine energetique. Quelles Alternatives?

3. Energie Nouvelles – Nouvelles Technologies.

 

ClubNice2015

Poland has signed a deal to build the first gas pipeline connecting the Baltic states to the EU energy market. The pipeline will integrate EU and Baltic energy markets and reduce dependence on Russian gas.

The 558 million euro ($636 million) gas pipeline will end the energy isolation of the Baltic countries by connecting the gas markets of Poland and Lithuania, the European Commission said

“Today we have done much more than bringing the energy isolation of the Baltic States to an end. We have brought the region further together,” European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said. “We are launching a project that will allow us to overcome historic limitations, including the direction of gas supplies from East to West,” PM Kopacz told a press conference.

The 534-kilometer (332-mile) Gas Interconnector Poland-Lithuania (GIPL) will be backed by a 305 million euro investment from the European Commission, which has set out the goal of creating an integrated European gas market and ensuring members have multiple supplies of energy. Once the GIPL is built, it will connect the Lithuanian, Estonian and Latvian gas network with the EU. The pipeline is scheduled to be completed by December 2019.

Earlier this week, PM Ewa Kopacz opened a liquefied natural gas terminal at the Baltic port of Świnoujście, northern Poland, which is yet another move expected to improve the energy independence of the country. The first shipment of LNG is expected to arrive from Qatar in December

 E’ stata scritta la parola fine sul progetto South Stream. La Russia ha per adesso rinunciato alla costruzione dell’avveniristico gasdotto che avrebbe portato il metano fino al cuore dell’Europa passando sotto al mar Nero ed in mezzo ai Balcani.

 Troppi gli screzi con l’Unione Europea per il cosiddetto “Terzo pacchetto” dell’energia. Vladimir Putin si è arreso alla realtà ed al crollo delle quotazioni sui mercati internazionali. South Stream è per ora troppo costoso.

 I riflessi economici e geopolitici sono importanti. La Saipemperde un contratto da 2 miliardi per la costruzione della tratta sottomarina; l’Eni evita di indebitarsi per rimanere dentro al consorzio. Geopoliticamente i Balcani non ottengono un futuro possibile collante per una regione da sempre instabile, l’idea di rendere l’Italia un “hub” energetico rischia di fallire con tutte le conseguenze del caso in un mondo sempre più globalizzato, la russa Gazprom rimane prigioniera dell’Ucraina.

 Dopo la costruzione del Nord Stream verso la Germania la diversificazione delle vie di approvvigionamento del Vecchio Continente subisce così una pesante battuta d’arresto, aprendo la strada ad un dipendenza non più troppo marcata da Est, ma da Ovest. Il baricentro del mondo dell’energia si sposta lentamente dal Mediterraneo verso l’Atlantico, come successe ai commerci nel XVI secolo.
La conoscenza della storia avrebbe dovuto aiutare i politici italiani ad assumere le giuste posizioni.

Giuseppe D’Amato

“Due tendenze marcano l’attuale situazione energetica:

la prima è l’estensione e la drammatizzazione delle tensioni e dei conflitti nei quali l’energia appare come un parametro diClubDeNice2014 riferimento. Questo vale per il Medio Oriente, l’Ucraina, la Libia.

La seconda è l’accelerazione delle politiche di adattamento alla nuova realtà geopolitica, economica, scientifica ossia alla transizione energetica.

Quali rapporti di partenariato con la Russia? Il Mediterraneo cerca una propria collocazione: quali sono le sue aspettative ed prospettive?”

Il Club de Nice ne ha discusso per tre giorni.

Vedi anche:

   Dominique Fache, Energie: du poker menteur à la roulette russe

   La Russia alle prese col crollo del prezzo del petrolio ed al tramonto dei suoi futuri progetti. 

 RSI Audio Min. 13’50” – 17’00

 In view of the situation in Ukraine, the Federal Council has today decided to take further measures to prevent the circumvention of international sanctions. It has amended the Ordinance of 2 April 2014 on measures to prevent the circumvention of international sanctions in relation to the situation in Ukraine to include the sanctions imposed by the EU in July. The revised ordinance enters into force at 6 pm today. Swisslogo

During its discussions on the situation in Ukraine of 13 August 2014, the Federal Council decided to widen its current policy and to take all the measures required to ensure that the most recent sanctions imposed by the European Union cannot be circumvented via Swiss territory. Today the Federal Council decided on the necessary measures.

In the field of finance, issues of long term financial instruments by five Russian banks will be made subject to authorisation. In future, authorisation for new issues will only be granted if they are within the average financial engagement of the past three years. The subsidiaries of these Russian banks in Switzerland are exempt from the authorisation requirement as long as they are not acting on behalf of, or on the instructions of their parent companies. The EU’s restrictive measures also allow a similar exemption for subsidiaries of the Russian banks in question on its territory. Secondary trading in financial instruments newly issued outside Switzerland and the EU will be subject to a duty to notify. Eleven names have been added to the existing list of natural persons and businesses with whom financial intermediaries are prohibited from entering into new business relationships and whose existing business relations are subject to a duty to notify.

With regard to specific military goods and dual-use goods subject to licence, the Federal Council decided to add a further criterion for rejecting the application for an export licence to the existing list of criteria in goods control legislation. An application may now be refused if goods are intended to be used exclusively or partially for military purposes, or if they are intended for a military end user. With regard to war material, the Federal Council decided that a ban on imports of such goods from Russia and Ukraine should apply. The Federal Council also decided to introduce a duty to notify for exports of certain goods used in the extraction of oil in deep sea, Arctic or shale gas projects in Russia.

As a result of Switzerland’s decision not to recognise the annexation of Crimea by Russia constituing a breach of international law, the Federal Council has imposed a ban on imports and a ban on exports of certain key goods used in the extraction of oil and gas, as well as restrictions on investments for Crimea and Sevastopol.

The Federal Council has acknowledged the measures taken by Russia in respect of agricultural goods. It stresses that Switzerland is not engaged in any state measures to promote additional Swiss exports to Russia.

The Federal Council continues to monitor the situation in Ukraine closely and reserves the right to take further measures depending on how the situation develops.

Original Document

Ukraine-related Sanctions; Publication of Executive Order 13662 Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List

7/16/2014

​Today, OFAC is introducing the Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List to identify persons operating in sectors of the Russian economy identified by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to Executive Order 13662. Directives found within the list describe prohibitions on dealings with the persons identified.

Specially Designated Nationals List Update

In addition, the following individuals have been added to OFAC’s SDN List:

BESEDA, Sergey (a.k.a. BESEDA, Sergei; a.k.a. BESEDA, Sergei Orestovoch); DOB 1954; Commander of the Fifth Service of the FSB; Commander of the Service for Operational Information and International Communications of the FSB; FSB Colonel General; Colonel-General (individual) [UKRAINE2].

BORODAI, Aleksandr (a.k.a. BORODAI, Alexander); DOB 25 Jul 1972; nationality Russia (individual) [UKRAINE].

NEVEROV, Sergei Ivanovich (a.k.a. NEVEROV, Sergei; a.k.a. NEVEROV, Sergey); DOB 21 Dec 1961; POB Tashtagol, Russia; Deputy Chairman of the State Duma of the Russian Federation; Member of the State Duma Committee on Housing Policy and Housing and Communal Services (individual) [UKRAINE2].

SAVELYEV, Oleg Genrikhovich; DOB 27 Oct 1965; POB St. Petersburg, Russia; Minister for Crimean Affairs (individual) [UKRAINE2].

SHCHEGOLEV, Igor (a.k.a. SHCHYOGOLEV, Igor Olegovich); DOB 10 Nov 1965; POB Vinnitsa, Ukraine; alt. POB Vinnytsia, Ukraine; Aide to the President of the Russian Federation (individual) [UKRAINE2].

The following entities have been added to OFAC’s SDN List:

DONETSK PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC, Donetsk Region, Ukraine [UKRAINE].

FEDERAL STATE UNITARY ENTERPRISE STATE RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION ENTERPRISE BAZALT (a.k.a. FEDERAL STATE UNITARY ENTERPRISE, STATE RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION ENTERPRISE BAZALT; a.k.a. FSUE SRPE BAZALT; a.k.a. STATE RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION ENTERPRISE BAZALT), 32 Velyaminovskaya, Moscow 105318, Russia; Website www.bazalt.ru; Email Address moscow@bazalt.ru [UKRAINE2].

FEODOSIYA ENTERPRISE (a.k.a. FEODOSIA OIL PRODUCTS SUPPLY CO.; a.k.a. FEODOSIYA ENTERPRISE ON PROVIDING OIL PRODUCTS; a.k.a. FEODOSIYSKE COMPANY FOR THE OIL; a.k.a. THEODOSIYA OIL TERMINAL), Feodosiya, Geologicheskaya str. 2, Crimea 98107, Ukraine; Feodosia, Str. Geological 2, Crimea 98107, Ukraine [UKRAINE].

JOINT STOCK COMPANY CONCERN RADIO-ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGIES (a.k.a. CONCERN RADIO-ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGIES; a.k.a. “KRET”), 20/1 Korp. 1 ul. Goncharnaya, Moscow 109240, Russia; Website http://www.kret.com; Registration ID 1097746084666 [UKRAINE2].

JOINT STOCK COMPANY CONCERN SOZVEZDIE (a.k.a. JSC CONCERN SOZVEZDIE), 14 Plekhanovskaya Street, Voronezh, Russia; 14 ul. Plekhanovskaya, Voronezh, Voronezhskaya obl. 394018, Russia; Registration ID 1053600445337 [UKRAINE2].

JOINT STOCK COMPANY MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION NPO MASHINOSTROYENIA (a.k.a. JOINT STOCK COMPANY MILITARY INDUSTRIAL CONSORTIUM NPO MASHINOSTROYENIA; a.k.a. JSC MIC NPO MASHINOSTROYENIA; a.k.a. MIC NPO MASHINOSTROYENIA JSC; a.k.a. MIC NPO MASHINOSTROYENIYA JSC; a.k.a. MILITARY INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION NPO MASHINOSTROENIA OAO; a.k.a. OPEN JOINT STOCK COMPANY MILITARY INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION SCIENTIFIC AND PRODUCTION MACHINE BUILDING ASSOCIATION; a.k.a. VOENNO-PROMYSHLENNAYA KORPORATSIYA NAUCHNO-PROIZVODSTVENNOE OBEDINENIE MASHINOSTROENIYA OAO; a.k.a. VPK NPO MASHINOSTROENIYA), 33, Gagarina St., Reutov-town, Moscow Region 143966, Russia; 33 Gagarin Street, Reutov, Moscow Region 143966, Russia; 33 Gagarina ul., Reutov, Moskovskaya obl 143966, Russia; Website www.npomash.ru; Email Address export@npomash.ru; alt. Email Address vpk@npomash.ru; Registration ID 1075012001492 (Russia); Tax ID No. 5012039795 (Russia); Government Gazette Number 07501739 (Russia) [UKRAINE2].

JOINT-STOCK COMPANY CONCERN ALMAZ-ANTEY (a.k.a. ALMAZ-ANTEY CORP; a.k.a. ALMAZ-ANTEY DEFENSE CORPORATION; a.k.a. ALMAZ-ANTEY JSC; f.k.a. OTKRYTOE AKTSIONERNOE OBSHCHESTVO KONTSERN PVO ALMAZ ANTEI), 41 ul.Vereiskaya, Moscow 121471, Russia; Website almaz-antey.ru; Email Address antey@almaz-antey.ru [UKRAINE2].

KALASHNIKOV CONCERN (a.k.a. CONCERN KALASHNIKOV; a.k.a. IZHEVSKIY MASHINOSTROITEL’NYI ZAVOD OAO; f.k.a. IZHMASH R&D CENTER; f.k.a. JSC NPO IZHMASH; f.k.a. NPO IZHMASH OAO; a.k.a. OJSC CONCERN KALASHNIKOV; f.k.a. OJSC IZHMASH; f.k.a. SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION IZHMASH JOINT STOCK COMPANY), 3, Derjabin Pr., Izhevsk, Udmurt Republic 426006, Russia; Registration ID 1111832003018 [UKRAINE2].

KONSTRUKTORSKOE BYURO PRIBOROSTROENIYA OTKRYTOE AKTSIONERNOE OBSHCHESTVO (a.k.a. INSTRUMENT DESIGN BUREAU; a.k.a. JSC KBP INSTRUMENT DESIGN BUREAU; a.k.a. KBP INSTRUMENT DESIGN BUREAU; a.k.a. KBP INSTRUMENT DESIGN BUREAU JOINT STOCK COMPANY; a.k.a. “KBP OAO”), 59 Shcheglovskaya Zaseka ul., Tula 300001, Russia; Website www.kbptula.ru; Email Address kbkedr@tula.net; Registration ID 1117154036911 (Russia); Government Gazette Number 07515747 (Russia) [UKRAINE2].

LUHANSK PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC (a.k.a. LUGANSK PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC; a.k.a. PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF LUHANSK), Luhansk Region, Ukraine [UKRAINE].

URALVAGONZAVOD (a.k.a. NAUCHNO-PROIZVODSTVENNAYA KORPORATSIYA URALVAGONZAVOD OAO; a.k.a. NPK URALVAGONZAVOD; a.k.a. NPK URALVAGONZAVOD OAO; a.k.a. OJSC RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION CORPORATION URALVAGONZAVOD; a.k.a. RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION CORPORATION URALVAGONZAVOD; a.k.a. RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION CORPORATION URALVAGONZAVOD OAO; a.k.a. URALVAGONZAVOD CORPORATION; a.k.a. “UVZ”), 28, Vostochnoye shosse, Nizhni Tagil, Sverdlovsk region 622007, Russia; 28 Vostochnoe shosse, Nizhni Tagil, Sverdlovskaya oblast 622007, Russia; 40, Bolshaya Yakimanka Street, Moscow 119049, Russia; Vistochnoye Shosse, 28, Nizhny Tagil 622007, Russia; Website http://www.uvz.ru/; alt. Website http://uralvagonzavod.com/; Email Address web@uvz.ru [UKRAINE2].

Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List Update

The following entities have been added to OFAC’s Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List:

GAZPROMBANK OAO (a.k.a. GAZPROMBANK GAS INDUSTRY OJSC; a.k.a. GAZPROMBANK OJSC; a.k.a. GAZPROMBANK OPEN JOINT STOCK COMPANY; a.k.a. GAZPROMBANK OTKRYTOE AKTSIONERNOE OBSHCHESTVO; a.k.a. GPB, OAO; a.k.a. GPB, OJSC), 16, Building 1, Nametkina St., Moscow 117420, Russia; 63, Novocheremushkinskaya St., Moscow 117418, Russia; SWIFT/BIC GAZPRUMM; Website www.gazprombank.ru; Email Address mailbox@gazprombank.ru; Registration ID 1027700167110; Tax ID No. 7744001497; Government Gazette Number 09807684 [UKRAINE-EO13662].

OAO NOVATEK (a.k.a. FINANSOVO-INVESTITSIONNAYA KOMPANIYA NOVAFININVEST OAO; a.k.a. NOVATEK), 2, Udaltsova Street, Moscow 119415, Russia; 22 A, Pobedy Street, Tarko-Sale, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District 629580, Russia; 22a Pobedy ul., Tarko-Sale, Purovski raion, Tyumenskaya Oblast 629850, Russia; Email Address novatek@novatek.ru; Registration ID 1026303117642 (Russia); Government Gazette Number 33556474 (Russia) [UKRAINE-EO13662].

OPEN JOINT-STOCK COMPANY ROSNEFT OIL COMPANY (a.k.a. OAO ROSNEFT OIL COMPANY; a.k.a. OIL COMPANY ROSNEFT; a.k.a. OJSC ROSNEFT OIL COMPANY; a.k.a. ROSNEFT; a.k.a. ROSNEFT OIL COMPANY), 26/1 Sofiyskaya Embankment, Moscow 115035, Russia; Website www.rosneft.com; alt. Website www.rosneft.ru; Email Address postman@rosneft.ru; Registration ID 1027700043502 (Russia); Tax ID No. 7706107510 (Russia); Government Gazette Number 00044428 (Russia) [UKRAINE-EO13662].

VNESHECONOMBANK (a.k.a. BANK FOR DEVELOPMENT AND FOREIGN ECONOMIC AFFAIRS (VNESHECONOMBANK) STATE CORPORATION; a.k.a. BANK RAZVITIYA I VNESHNEEKONOMICHESKOI DEYATELNOSTI (VNESHEKONOMBANK) GOSUDARSTVENNAYA KORPORATSIYA; a.k.a. “VEB”), 9 Akademika Sakharova prospekt, Moscow 107996, Russia; SWIFT/BIC BFEA RU MM; Website http://www.veb.ru; Email Address info@veb.ru; BIK (RU) 044525060 [UKRAINE-EO13662].

Original Document.

«Сейчас, когда идеи Ходорковского осуществлены Кремлем, правда, в карикатурном виде, самое время подумать над тем, на какой исторической развилке мы стояли 11 лет назад и какую судьбу упустили

Президент Путин подписал с Китаем контракт о поставке газа, переговоры о котором велись 10 лет. Газа при этом, собственно, еще нет, и трубопровода тоже нет. Чтобы его продать, надо будет освоить Иркутское и Чаяндинское месторождения и построить газопровод «Сила Сибири». По предварительным оценкам «Газпрома», «Сила Сибири» обойдется в 30 млрд долларов, то есть в 7,5 млн долларов за км. Впрочем, предварительные оценки имеют свойство расти: нефтепровод «Бованенково—Ухта», к примеру, в итоге обошелся «Газпрому» в 18 млн долл. за км. При этом газопровод из Туркмении обошелся Китаю по 1 млн долл. за км — 6,5 млрд долл. за 6,4 тыс. км.

Но это не то, о чем я хочу писать. Я хочу напомнить своим читателям одну из причин ареста Ходорковского. Она заключалась в том, что Михаил Ходорковский в 2003-м хотел строить трубопровод «Ангарск—Дацин». Это должен был быть совмещенный нефте- и газопровод, и он должен был быть завершен к 2005 году. Общая стоимость строительства оценивалась Ходорковским в 3—5 млрд долл. Собственно, совершенно не важно, сколько бы стоил трубопровод, потому что Ходорковский хотел строить частный трубопровод на деньги ЮКОСа… »

Статья – Юлия Латынина – Новая Газета

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